Höffe, O. (2003). Aristotle. Albany: State University of New York Press .

Morison, B. (2010). Aristotle. Phronesis: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy, 55(2), 191-201.

Goldstein, R. (2014, October 31). ‘Review of the book [The Lagoon: How Aristotle Invented Science,’ by Armand Marie Leroi]. Retrieved from New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/02/books/review/the-lagoon-how-aristotle-invented-science-by-armand-marie-leroi.html

In the review, Goldstein’s interpretation of the book is that if offers a very interesting look at Aristotle’s historical continuations to the scientific community. The books author brings in a lot of work that Aristotle continued through his life to support this idea. This research is convincing and well done. However the problem with the book is that the author really deeply dislikes Plato. He accuses him of not being able to separate science from religion.

Ultimately the author makes the fact that he hides Aristotle’s own belief in science and its use in his theories plain. He admits this flaw yet still talks so badly about Plato. The reviewer believes that this attack was unnecessary. The recommendation is to read the book to learn the new information but keep these points in mind.


The world amalgam came into the English language the 1400. It means a soft mass formed by chemical activity. It comes either from the Old French word amalgam or from the Medieval Latin word amalga. Both of these words mean an alloy, normally one made from gold and silver.   This word itself may have from the Latin word malgma meaning poultice or plaster. The word amalgam likely came from the Arabic al malgham which is a warm soft poultice for sores. This word is likely related to the Greek word malagma from malassein to soften or malakos soft

http://www.iep.utm.edu/aristotl/  (A Peer Reviewed Academic Resource)

See what our clients say about us!

“I am amazed by how professional and friendly TUP Tutors is. They treated me like I really mattered and I could tell that they genuinely cared about helping me out with my homework and assignments. They were so attentive to my needs and made sure that I was happy with the results. I am truly glad that I found this service and will never go anywhere else for help!”

Jean Creaghan

“TUP Tutors is very affordable. I was worried about the costs of getting help with my essay, but this service understands the reality of what students face. TUP Tutors helped me with my essay and gave me a price that was manageable on a student budget. I was pleasantly surprised and I would highly recommend this service to anyone who needs academic help.”

Hassan Mawlawi

“I needed help with a last minute accounting assignment and didn’t think anyone would be able to help me on such short notice. TUP Tutors made it happen and they blew me away with how fast and efficient they were. I got an amazing mark on my assignment and now I know where to go whenever I am feeling worried about some last minute work! I have nothing but good things to say about this service.”

Zena Kudaih

If you need help with anything – an essay, assignment, online exam, or even an entire course – I would highly recommend TUP Tutors. They go above and beyond to help students. I was doing very poorly in my distance course and didn’t think I would be able to turn my grades around, but TUP Tutors helped me score well on the rest of my assignments and achieve a final grade that I am happy with.

Angela McDonald's

“TUP Tutors has some of the best tutoring services I’ve ever come across. I was struggling in my financial management class and had trouble grasping the concepts. TUP Tutors gave me back the confidence I was lacking by providing me with a very patient and helpful tutor. They helped me understand my course material and now I am doing so much better!”

Moussa Fadel

Confidentiality & Authenticity Guaranteed!

100% Confidentiality and Client Data Protection Guaranteed

We guarantee your confidentiality as our client names and information are protected and not disclosed under any circumstances. All information and work completed are destroyed upon client request or automatically after a a period of one year. We do not reuse any custom writings or coursework and we never disclose client private data and information.